de_leser (de_leser) wrote,

A ripple effect

>>All change is not growth, just as all movement is not forward.<<

>>I cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the water to create ripples.<<

вбил в гугл-картинки слово ripples, чтобы полюбоваться кругами на воде со взлетевшей над ними капелькой (хорошая метафора - например краткости человеческой жизни), и случайно наткнулся на любопытную статью, со множеством интересных терминов и метафор (многих из которых нет в русском языке и языковой картине мира русского человека):


ripple effect -
A ripple effect is a situation in which, like ripples expanding across the water when an object is dropped into it, an effect from an initial state can be followed outwards incrementally.
For example, an individual's reduction in spending reduces the incomes of others and their ability to spend.

domino effect -
A domino effect or chain reaction is the cumulative effect produced when one event sets off a chain of similar events.

Butterfly effect -
In chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions in which a small change in one state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state.

aggregate effect - совокупный эффект, совокупное влияние

Tipping point -
переломный момент, перелом, поворотный пункт (момент, когда незначительные изменения приводят к большим сдвигам)

threshold -
The quantitative point at which an action is triggered, especially a lower limit.

critical mass -
A critical mass is the smallest amount of fissile material needed for a sustained nuclear chain reaction.

virality -
the condition or fact of being rapidly spread or popularized by means of people communicating with each other, especially through the internet: We’re looking for ways to increase the virality of our web content.

externality -
внешний эффект (экономической деятельности)
In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a third party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.

И прочие N-эффекты... Надо будет составить словарик понятий/устойчивых словосочетаний со словом ***-effect)))
Например, мне нравится в немецком - Aha-Effekt:
die Reaktion, die eintritt, wenn man über etwas sehr erstaunt ist oder etwas plötzlich verstanden hat
По английски это называется Eureka effect:
The eureka effect (also known as the Aha! moment or eureka moment) refers to the common human experience of suddenly understanding a previously incomprehensible problem or concept. Some research describes the Aha! effect (also known as insight or epiphany) as a memory advantage, but conflicting results exist as to where exactly it occurs in the brain, and it is difficult to predict under what circumstances one can predict an Aha! moment.


Краткий конспект статьи:

We are talking about actual multi-dimensional ripple effects in social systems, not a tranquil pond...

Sometimes there are directly observable consequences to our actions, but for the most part the effects of our daily routines are unseen in any intelligible way. We see global environmental devastation and social strife on the news but we remain completely dumbfounded as to our contribution to these effects, and we’re at just as much of a loss to know how make a difference for the better...

Every individual shares culpable for problems we co-create and the burden of living together. We need to take responsibility for ripple effects we send out, causing the current crises, even though its difficult to see how...

The ripple effect should be distinguished from the ‘butterfly effect’, a term from chaos theory, which stipulates that a small action in a complex system can be amplified and produce large effects elsewhere in the system. The ripple effect may have more relative application in considering the aggregate effect of individual actions...

Therefore, global problems such as pollution, poverty, corruption, systemic ignorance, which are caused by no primary actor, can be explained by the ripple effect, as based on the aggregate empowerment of individuals. Another related term is the ‘domino effect’ which implies Newtonian transference of energy in a linear system...

A tipping point is also different in that it can refer to crossing thresholds, achieving critical mass, or virality. When something reaches a tipping point, the returns on the action can be unexpectedly and unpredictably large, as other facts in the system catalyze and react with the input(s)...

Might I say that we need to reach a tipping point in how we consider our ripple effects...

Anthropogenic climate change is the ultimate catastrophic result of the billions of little acts of pollution...

Civilization is deeply interconnected, and all our actions send ripple effects into the world which produce aggregate devastation. Inequality, climate change, racism, war, poverty, terrorism, collapse. For all of these things the complexity outdoes us, and we can’t allow it any longer. We must understand our ripple effects or create none at all....
Tags: english, конспект, слова

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